When the muscles and ligaments between the pubic bone and the coccyx bone located at the tip of the spine are damaged by weakening and stretching. These muscles function as a sling support to the bladder and pelvic organs. Various problems can occur when these muscles loosen up and fail to perform their normal function. These are medically termed as Pelvic Floor Disorders (PFD) and can cause abnormalities in storage and emptying of the bowel along with pelvic pain. If you are looking for hemorrhoids or piles treatment in Dubai, then you must visit Lapsurgery.ae to find the best and experienced physician who can treat it and other PFD conditions.
Some of the common pelvic floor disorders include:
Urinary 0r Fecal Incontinence
When you feel an inability to manage your excretory functions tat can be any of urinary or fecal it is medically termed incontinence. This PFD is experienced by men and women who generally are above the age of 50.
- Urinary Incontinence: also called as bladder control problems it can be defined as the loss of voluntary bladder control that leads to an unwilling urine leakage. Such inconsistency can be temporary or chronic. This is usually caused when the bladder has been shifted from its original place. It can be of different types like urge incontinence, stress incontinence, overflow incontinence or maybe even a mix of all of these issues. Most of the men who have undergone prostatectomy and women who have had vaginal deliveries more than once face this issue very commonly.
- Fecal Incontinence: also known as bowel control issue, this is an issue where the sufferer loses his or her ability to control the bowels. Either liquid or solid stools may leak in case of fecal incontinence. The sufferer with this PFD may also face urinary incontinence. This kind of disorder occurs when the rectum (bottom portion of the intestine) is either shifted from its proper place or the group of muscles that keep the anus closed are damaged. The main cause of this problem includes injury to the pelvic floor due to pregnancy or vaginal delivery. The other reasons for fecal incontinence can be, constipation, or surgical complications.
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
In simple terms, prolapse can be defined as gliding or dropping down of an organ from its usual place. When any of the pelvic organs from the pelvic floor are moved out of place and shifts down towards the vagina. This usually happens with age in a woman when the muscles and ligaments holding these organs in place starts to weaken over time. A pelvic organ prolapse is of many types including:
- Cystocele:in this the bladder glides towards the vagina.
- Urethrocele:in this the Urethra is bulging into the vagina.
- Enterocele: in this the small intestine prolapses and pushes the vagina.
- Rectocele: in this case, the rectum (the last part of the small intestine, ending at the anus) bulges into the vagina.
- Vaginal Vault Prolapse: here, the top part of the vagina drops down into the vaginal canal.
The symptoms can include sensation of a bulge or something coming down or out of the vagina, problems during passage of urine. A surgery is often required for treating a prolapse.